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Long Island Surnames

Database archives of Long Island Genealogy containing 3,2361,199 people, 1,278,169 families, 176,455 sources and 265,138 notes

Tree: Braddock

Tree Name  Braddock 
Description  The Legacy of a Long Island Born and Bred Mariner The Legacy of David Cutler Braddock: 1717: Born in Southold to Capt. John Braddick and Mary Cutler. David Cutler Braddock grew up on Long Island, breeding ground in colonial days of superb mariners. His father was a notable mariner in New England waters as had been his grandfather, also Captain John Braddick. He did not waste the maritime legacy he received from them nor the experience he gained in apprenticeship upon the decks of his father’s vessels: 11/1740: Twenty-three, he served as first mate on rice ship Ancona when she was captured by Spanish privateers and taken into St. Augustine. 1/31/1741 He made an affidavit of his capture and escape to British Fort Frederica on St. Simon’s Island in Georgia. 7/17/1741 Gen. James Oglethorpe, leader of Georgia, sent him to Charles Town with orders to purchase a schooner capable of carrying 90 men, two nine-pounders, four six pounders, and swivel guns. The orders included instructions to recruit a crew for the vessel, which he would command in defending the Georgia Coast. 3/6/1742 The South Carolina Gazette reported that he returned from a mission to Florida with a party of Indians to capture prisoners with three scalps and five Spaniards. 6/1742 In command of the schooner “Norfolk,” he helped repel a Spanish invasion of St. Simon’s and was in the fleet that chased them back to St. Augustine where he participated in the shelling of the Spanish fort Castillo de San Marcos. 9/1742 Because of the abilities he showed against the invading Spanish fleet, he was given command of the “Beaufort,” one of two of South Carolina’s recently completed half-galleys. 11/7/1742 He married his commander’s daughter, Mary Lyford. 12/1742 He and several other captains successfully petitioned for monetary retribution for slaves who served on their vessels during the Spanish attempted invasion. 1742/1746 He made numerous cruises along the Southern coast to keep an eye on Spanish activities. Part of this time his vessel was stationed in a small cove at the southern point of Hilton Head Island. Today, the island is a famous resort, and the cove and point still bear his name. 1/28/1743 He and his commander, Captain William Lyford Sr.--also his father-in-law--successfully petitioned for better pay and rations for the crewmen under them. 5/1745 He successfully defended himself before the governor’s council against false charge that he had conspired to trade with the Spanish of St. Augustine. 1/27/1747 He received a grant in Georgia for 500 acres on the Ogeechee River outside Savannah and became a privateer. 9/26/1747 Records in the Bahamas archives show that he, as commander of the privateer “Viper,” captured a Spanish vessel appraised at 12,500 pounds. 11/6/1747 The same records show that, aboard the “Viper,” he captured another Spanish prize (enemy vessel) valued at 1,050 pounds. 3/25/1748 The same records show that, commanding the “Isabella,” he captured a Spanish prize valued at 15,000 pounds. 1/10/1749 As a councilman in Georgia’s Trustee government, he was one of many who signed a letter to the king in England seeking approval for slavery, which had been banned in Georgia since its founding in 1733. 1/1751 A letter to Georgia’s secretary in England named Capt. David Cutler Braddock as the man on whom the colony should rely to solve navigation problems of the Savannah river. 8/17/1852 He was involved in a variety of maritime ventures; one was commercial shipping. As reported in the South Carolina Gazette, his vessel was captured by a Spanish privateer while on a voyage to England and taken into Mexico. 1/1754 He acted as pilot of British man-of-war “Shoreham” while she was on station in the Caribbean. 1754/1756 BPRO (British Public Records Office) shipping records show he was engaged in commercial shipping between Caribbean islands and the mainland. 11/1/1756 With a new privateer, “Cockspur,” he drew up a privateering contract with several others and immediately captured a French ship in the Savannah River. 12/1756 While in the area on a privateering expedition, he made a chart of the Florida Keys, which is now in the Library of Congress. In writing of Tampa Bay in a book published in 1776, naturalist and explorer Barnard Romans stated, “Captain Braddock was generally acknowledged as being the first Englishman who explored this bay.” 5/12/1757 Even the best of sea-fighters meet their match: The “South Carolina Gazette” reported, “On Monday arrived Capt. Roberts from Providence, by whom we have the following advices, viz. . . . That a Virginia Privateer had sent in there, a Rhode Island Vessel, laden with Horses, Provisions, &c. which she took just entering a French Port: That this vessel had spoke with the ‘Cockspur’ Privateer, of Georgia, commanded by Capt. David Cutler Braddock, who had 5 Hours Engagement with, and several Times boarded a French Privateer Schooner, of superior force, off Cape Francois, which killed 3 of his Men and wounded several more, and so terribly maul'd the ‘Cockspur,’ that while they repaired her Sails and Rigging, the Frenchman escaped, and got safe into the Cape; Braddock soon after met with some New York Privateers, who supplied him with everything he stood in need of.” 2/10/1758 Undaunted and with a new privateer, “King of Prussia,” he was granted a letter-of-marque by the Court of Vice Admiralty at Savannah. 11/20/1758 The “South Carolina Gazette” reported that, “. . . a new Privateer Brigt. (reckoned one of the best fitted in America) sailed on a cruize from New Providence, mounting 18 carriage and 20 swivel guns, with 130 choice fellows on board (the prime of all the Bahamas), called the ‘King of Prussia,’ commanded by Capt. David Cutler Braddock.” The article also mentioned that three French prizes were taken by the “King of Prussia” and two other privateers. 12/23/1758 The “South Carolina Gazette” reported that two more prizes he captured were taken into New Providence. 8/1760 With the declining privateering “industry,” he returned to commercial shipping and also to command of the Georgia scout boat. 3/18/1763 The 14-gun man-of-war “Epreuve” ran aground in the Savannah River and was given up by all as lost. 7/14/1763 After the four-months’ efforts of all others to salvage the “Epreuve,” the “South Carolina Gazette” carried the following article echoing an accolade printed earlier in the “Georgia Gazette,” “The ‘Georgia Gazette’ of 14th of July, contains the following compliment to Capt. Braddock, commander of the king's scout-boat, to whose skill and uncommon perseverance is said to be principally owing the saving of his majesty's ship the ‘Epreuve,’ after it was thought by most people impossible. ‘It is with pleasure we acquaint the public, that the “Epreuve” has safely come to her moorings in this harbour, which adds great honour to the merit and assiduity of Capt. David Cutler Braddock, and plainly elucidates the experience and great abilities of that gentleman.’” 10/25/1764 He was elected a representative to the colonial Georgia General Assembly. Holding this office until his death, he served on numerous committees engaged in activities to improve the young colony. Among matters with which committees he served on were concerned were: regulating the provincial militia, endowing of a college, establishing ferries, inspecting conditions of the Savannah River, appointing tax examiners, corresponding with the colony’s agent in England, developing new roads, appointing collectors of duty, and appointing a new agent to represent the colony in England--Benjamin Franklin. 2/1769 The exact date of his death is not known. It was reported in the February 8th issue of the “Georgia Gazette.” The mariner legacy he received from his father and grandfather did not die with him. He handed it down to his son John Cutler Braddock who used it quite capably to establish himself as a mariner of note and a man of service. But that’s another sea story. J. G. Braddock Sr. 
Individuals  17,322 
Families  6,048 
Sources  713 
Owner  J.G. (Jerry) Braddock 

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